Knee News
Mavs' Porzingis says knee ready for game after false start
DALLAS -- Kristaps Porzingis stopped short of saying he was ready to return from a right knee issue that has sidelined h...

Jimmy Garoppolo?s knee brace saves him again
watches from the sidelines as the fourth quarter of the NFC divisional playoff game against the Minnesota Vikings winds ...

Jaylen Brown (thumb) and Kemba Walker (knee) questionable for Celtics vs. Lakers
#NEBHInjuryReport vs. Los Angeles: Jaylen Brown - Right Thumb Sprain - QUESTIONABLE Kemba Walker - Left Knee Soreness - ...

'An Unidentified Glitch': Mavs Continue to Wait and to Ponder Kristaps Porzingis
So when Carlisle says of the latest on Kristaps Porzingis "sore knee'' that "we?re hoping (it) was just an unidentified ...

Polynesian Bowl: Kris Hutson shines, Noah Sewell leaves game with knee injury
However, the biggest news of the event is the future status of five-star linebacker Noah Sewell, who left the game with ...

Kristaps Porzingis (knee) hopes to suit up in Mavs? next game vs. Clippers
The return of Kristaps Porzingis may finally be upon us. The Mavericks? big man, who has been sidelined with a right kne...

Knee Injuries

To fully understand knee injuries we must first look at the anatomy of the knee. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (leg bone), and patella (knee cap). It is all connected to to the fibula, the small bone on the outside part of the leg. All these bones are connected by a serious of ligaments, four altogether, two cruciate and two collateral.

The two collateral ligaments are the medial (MCL), that hold the tibia on the inside area of the knee to the femur, and the lateral (LCL) that holds the fibula to on the outer area of the knee to the femur. The MCL is most often the ligament involved in knee injuries. MCL injuries are almost always caused by a blow to the outside area of the knee that is followed by a sharp pain located with in the knee. Most MCL injuries are easily treated by resting, icing, and bracing the knee, as well as a program for rehabilitation. MCL injuries rarely require any type of surgery. The LCL is not often injured on its own. Most of the time it is injured when another more severe injury occurs that does require surgery.

The ligaments that are in the middle of the knees joint connect the tibia to the femur are the cruciate ligaments. The meaning of cruciate is cross and these two important ligaments cross each other. Their are the ACL (anterior) in the front and the PCL (posterior) in the back. The knee injury that requires surgery most often is the ACL. This ligament is most often injured when there is a sudden directional change when someone is running, called cutting. Also ACL injuries can occur when a person os running and suddenly slows down as well as if the knee is hyperextended or receive a direct hit. There are many cases where just a minor injury can cause a tear of the ACL that requires surgery.

The pain associated with an ACL tear may be delayed. Although a pop may be heard and the knee will give out. The pain will usually occur two to twelve hours later, when the person attempts to put weight on the leg to stand. Ice should be used immediately to control swelling and the knee should be elevated until an orthopedic surgeon can be consulted. Orthopedic surgeon specialize in knee injuries involving ligaments. When an ACL injury is walked or ran on, the cartilage inside that is used to give cushioning can become damaged.

ACL injuries are diagnosed only after a complete physical examine of the knee is completed. The exam will involve many test that will determine if the knee is able to stay in its correct position when it has pressure applied to it from several directions. Most orthopedist also perform an x-ray along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While most trained professionals can diagnose an ACL injury just on examinations, the MRI will give them a better idea of the knee's structure inside. When an ACL is torn, it simply is not able to heal on its own properly. When trying to decided what the best treatment option is going to be there are several factors to consider.

Patients activity level plays an important role. Patients who are very active or do manual labor for a living are going to have better outcomes from surgery to reconstruct their ACL. Those who also injure another major ligament along with the ACL or have cartilage damage will need surgery most of the time. If a person lead a sedentary or inactive life style they may have treatment options that do not involve surgery. However, if they have periods of instability where their knee gives out, surgery may be needed to stop the chance for further knee damage.

Knee Articles
Corrigendum to ?A mathematical modelling study investigating
The authors apologise that there was an error with the authorship listing, this should read as per above. ...

Tibial tray thickness does not significantly increase medial
Recent studies have reported the occurrence of medial tibial bone resorption following total knee replacement. One study proposed that a thick tibial tray results in stress shielding and increases the...

Muscular architecture of the popliteus muscle and the basic
The function of the popliteus muscle is largely treated as a static stabilizer and has a lack of basic muscular architectural data to enable study of its dynamic function. A large volume of literature...

Comparison of weight-bearing full-length radiographs and com
The aim of the study was to determine any discrepancies among preoperative full-leg standing radiographs (LLR) and supine non-weight-bearing computed tomography (CT)-scan-based three-dimensional (3D) ...

Characterization of native knee microorganisms using next-ge
Next-generation sequencing (NGS) offers improved sensitivity compared to culture-based methods for identifying organisms from synovial joints. It remains unclear whether native microorganisms exist in...

Denosumab prevents periprosthetic bone mineral density loss
Periprosthetic bone quality is one of the most important factors preventing early prosthesis migration and long-term failure. Although denosumab, which binds to the receptor activator of nuclear facto...

Relationship between serum resistin, body fat and inflammato
Adipokines have gained much interest in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis studies over the past years in that they play crucial roles in bone and cartilage homeostasis. Obesity is known to be one of th...

Osteoarthritis-related biomarkers profile in chronic anterio
Increasing evidence has shown the involvement of the innate immune system and inflammatory response in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis; however, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are recognized ...