Knee News
Trump?s Use of Wounded Knee to Mock Elizabeth Warren Angers Native Americans
It?s been more than a century since the Wounded Knee massacre and the Battle of Little Bighorn, but both of these notori...

Beats going down on one knee! Man surprises girlfriend by BURYING an engagement
A romantic boyfriend sprung a surprise proposal on his stunned girlfriend - by letting her 'discover' an engagement ring...

Native American leaders ask Trump to apologize for 'shameful' Wounded Knee remar
Native American leaders are calling on President Donald Trump to apologize for comments he made on Twitter invoking the ...

Our Quest for Essential Over-the-Knee Boots Is Over and They?re on Sale
We do a ton of shopping here at Shop With Us and to be honest, we focus a lot on the essentials. Come every season, in b...

Trump?s reference to Wounded Knee evokes the dark history of suppression of indi
President Trump evoked the Wounded Knee massacre in a recent tweet. He was reacting to an Instagram video that Sen. Eliz...

Leatt Unveils New Z-Frame Knee Brace
CAPE TOWN, South Africa, Jan. 16, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Leatt Corporation (OTCQB: LEAT), a leading developer and marketer...

Knee Injuries

To fully understand knee injuries we must first look at the anatomy of the knee. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (leg bone), and patella (knee cap). It is all connected to to the fibula, the small bone on the outside part of the leg. All these bones are connected by a serious of ligaments, four altogether, two cruciate and two collateral.

The two collateral ligaments are the medial (MCL), that hold the tibia on the inside area of the knee to the femur, and the lateral (LCL) that holds the fibula to on the outer area of the knee to the femur. The MCL is most often the ligament involved in knee injuries. MCL injuries are almost always caused by a blow to the outside area of the knee that is followed by a sharp pain located with in the knee. Most MCL injuries are easily treated by resting, icing, and bracing the knee, as well as a program for rehabilitation. MCL injuries rarely require any type of surgery. The LCL is not often injured on its own. Most of the time it is injured when another more severe injury occurs that does require surgery.

The ligaments that are in the middle of the knees joint connect the tibia to the femur are the cruciate ligaments. The meaning of cruciate is cross and these two important ligaments cross each other. Their are the ACL (anterior) in the front and the PCL (posterior) in the back. The knee injury that requires surgery most often is the ACL. This ligament is most often injured when there is a sudden directional change when someone is running, called cutting. Also ACL injuries can occur when a person os running and suddenly slows down as well as if the knee is hyperextended or receive a direct hit. There are many cases where just a minor injury can cause a tear of the ACL that requires surgery.

The pain associated with an ACL tear may be delayed. Although a pop may be heard and the knee will give out. The pain will usually occur two to twelve hours later, when the person attempts to put weight on the leg to stand. Ice should be used immediately to control swelling and the knee should be elevated until an orthopedic surgeon can be consulted. Orthopedic surgeon specialize in knee injuries involving ligaments. When an ACL injury is walked or ran on, the cartilage inside that is used to give cushioning can become damaged.

ACL injuries are diagnosed only after a complete physical examine of the knee is completed. The exam will involve many test that will determine if the knee is able to stay in its correct position when it has pressure applied to it from several directions. Most orthopedist also perform an x-ray along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While most trained professionals can diagnose an ACL injury just on examinations, the MRI will give them a better idea of the knee's structure inside. When an ACL is torn, it simply is not able to heal on its own properly. When trying to decided what the best treatment option is going to be there are several factors to consider.

Patients activity level plays an important role. Patients who are very active or do manual labor for a living are going to have better outcomes from surgery to reconstruct their ACL. Those who also injure another major ligament along with the ACL or have cartilage damage will need surgery most of the time. If a person lead a sedentary or inactive life style they may have treatment options that do not involve surgery. However, if they have periods of instability where their knee gives out, surgery may be needed to stop the chance for further knee damage.

Knee Articles
Does bone cement influence soft tissue balancing in total kn
Soft tissue tension significantly affects the function of total knee arthroplasties. This study aims to evaluate if there is a difference in soft tissue tension, comparing trails to cemented definitiv...

Shear wave elastography of the healing human patellar tendon
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are common and are frequently reconstructed using a patellar tendon (PT) autograft. Unfortunately, the time course of PT healing after ACL reconstruction is n...

Posterolateral reconstruction combined with one-stage tibial
To report the functional outcomes and complications from reconstructing the knee posterolateral complex (PLC), associated with one-stage opening-wedge tibial valgus osteotomy, and discuss the technica...

All-polyethylene tibial components in young patients have st
All-polyethylene (AP) tibial components in patients aged greater than 60?years have stable tibial migration patterns and favorable survival rates when compared to identical Metal-backed (MB) designs. ...

Morphology of the patellar tendon and its insertion sites us
To clarify, with three-dimensional (3D) images, the morphological properties of the patellar tendon and both of its insertion sites. ...

Treatment of late Patella Baja after an otherwise routine to
There is very little data on the incidence or treatment options for late developing patella baja following uncomplicated total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In this article we present the course, surgical ...

Force during functional exercises on land and in water in ol
Closed kinetic chain and plyometric exercises are commonly used in aquatic rehabilitation because they are believed to reduce joint loading whilst replicating functional tasks. However, the forces and...

Preoperative quadriceps weakness preferentially predicts pos
Nearly all patients with total knee arthroplasty show aberrant movement patterns during tasks requiring greater joint demand compared to matched peers. Greater movement compensation leads to increased...