Knee News
Dodgers defeat Rays, but reliever Pedro Baez leaves with knee injury
A clash in baseball strategy took place at Tropicana Field on Tuesday. The Dodgers and Kershaw prevailed in a 7-3 win, b...

Knee may force Yankees' Sabathia to miss time
BALTIMORE - CC Sabathia's long balky and bothersome right knee could soon be sending him to the New York Yankees' still-...

Sabathia knows the drill because knee injuries are an all-too-familiar process
BALTIMORE ? No. 249 came at a significant cost Wednesday night for CC Sabathia, who revealed after the Yankees? 7-5 vict...

CC Sabathia to injured list with right knee pain
BALTIMORE -- Given the crowded nature of the Yankees' injured list, CC Sabathia opted to ignore the pain that began shoo...

Report: Storm's Sue Bird Expected to Miss Most of 2019 Season Due to Knee Injury
Sue Bird will likely miss most of the Seattle Storm's 2019 season with a knee injury, reports High Post Hoops' Arielle C...

Sue Bird will reportedly miss most, if not all, of 2019 WNBA season after knee s
As if losing Breanna Stewart and Maya Moore wasn't enough, it appears the WNBA will be without yet another star player f...

Knee Injuries

To fully understand knee injuries we must first look at the anatomy of the knee. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (leg bone), and patella (knee cap). It is all connected to to the fibula, the small bone on the outside part of the leg. All these bones are connected by a serious of ligaments, four altogether, two cruciate and two collateral.

The two collateral ligaments are the medial (MCL), that hold the tibia on the inside area of the knee to the femur, and the lateral (LCL) that holds the fibula to on the outer area of the knee to the femur. The MCL is most often the ligament involved in knee injuries. MCL injuries are almost always caused by a blow to the outside area of the knee that is followed by a sharp pain located with in the knee. Most MCL injuries are easily treated by resting, icing, and bracing the knee, as well as a program for rehabilitation. MCL injuries rarely require any type of surgery. The LCL is not often injured on its own. Most of the time it is injured when another more severe injury occurs that does require surgery.

The ligaments that are in the middle of the knees joint connect the tibia to the femur are the cruciate ligaments. The meaning of cruciate is cross and these two important ligaments cross each other. Their are the ACL (anterior) in the front and the PCL (posterior) in the back. The knee injury that requires surgery most often is the ACL. This ligament is most often injured when there is a sudden directional change when someone is running, called cutting. Also ACL injuries can occur when a person os running and suddenly slows down as well as if the knee is hyperextended or receive a direct hit. There are many cases where just a minor injury can cause a tear of the ACL that requires surgery.

The pain associated with an ACL tear may be delayed. Although a pop may be heard and the knee will give out. The pain will usually occur two to twelve hours later, when the person attempts to put weight on the leg to stand. Ice should be used immediately to control swelling and the knee should be elevated until an orthopedic surgeon can be consulted. Orthopedic surgeon specialize in knee injuries involving ligaments. When an ACL injury is walked or ran on, the cartilage inside that is used to give cushioning can become damaged.

ACL injuries are diagnosed only after a complete physical examine of the knee is completed. The exam will involve many test that will determine if the knee is able to stay in its correct position when it has pressure applied to it from several directions. Most orthopedist also perform an x-ray along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While most trained professionals can diagnose an ACL injury just on examinations, the MRI will give them a better idea of the knee's structure inside. When an ACL is torn, it simply is not able to heal on its own properly. When trying to decided what the best treatment option is going to be there are several factors to consider.

Patients activity level plays an important role. Patients who are very active or do manual labor for a living are going to have better outcomes from surgery to reconstruct their ACL. Those who also injure another major ligament along with the ACL or have cartilage damage will need surgery most of the time. If a person lead a sedentary or inactive life style they may have treatment options that do not involve surgery. However, if they have periods of instability where their knee gives out, surgery may be needed to stop the chance for further knee damage.

Knee Articles
Are patient-related pre-operative factors influencing return
Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of disability in working-age patients. The total number of working-age patients undergoing total-knee arthroplasty (TKA) is continuously increasing. The pur...

Genesis 1 posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplas
To present the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the Genesis I posterior cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty (TKA) (Smith & Nephew Orthopaedics, Memphis, TN, USA) (one of the firs...

Income change after cruciate ligament injury ? A population-
To investigate the association between choice of treatment and patients' income after cruciate ligament (CL) injury and assess the effect of different covariates such as sex, age, comorbidities and ty...

Clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction following revisio
With unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) being increasingly performed for medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for failed UKA is expected to ...

Meaningful changes in the Short Form 12 physical and mental
The aim of this study was to identify minimal clinically important difference (MCID), minimal important change (MIC) and minimal detectable change (MDC) for the Short Form (SF-) 12 physical and mental...

Adequate joint line restoration and good preliminary clinica
Up to 20% of patients are dissatisfied after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Factors which could possibly contribute to this dissatisfaction are a decreased posterior condylar offset (PCO) and subseque...

Relationship between anterior cruciate ligament and anterola
The tibial bony attachments of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the anterolateral meniscal root (ALMR) are very close, and drilling the tibial tunnel in ACL reconstruction may damage the ALMR ...

Knee-related quality of life, functional results and osteoar
Few studies in the literature show results with more than 20?years of follow-up after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The main purpose of this retrospective study was to describe kne...