Knee News
Falcons' Kaleb McGary: Carted off with knee injury
McGary was carted off during Sunday's matchup with the Eagles due to a knee injury, Kelsey Conway of the Falcons' offici...

Kaleb McGary questionable with knee injury
The Falcons invested a pair of first-round picks on offensive linemen. At the moment, neither of them are on the field. ...

Falcons rookie 1st-rounder McGary injures knee
ATLANTA -- Atlanta Falcons rookie right tackle Kaleb McGary, the second of the team's two first-round draft picks, left ...

Rams? Cooper Kupp shows Saints he caught up in return from knee injury
If there was any doubt, Rams receiver Cooper Kupp showed Sunday there are no lingering effects from the knee injury that...

Cowboys Rumors: Michael Gallup to Undergo MRI on Knee Injury
Dallas Cowboys receiver Michael Gallup will need an MRI on his knee, The Athletic's Calvin Watkins reported Sunday night...

Chargers WR Mike Williams ends knee injury concerns after 47-yard grab
DETROIT ? Chargers wide receiver Mike Williams had most of the attention throughout the week, mainly from his fantasy fo...

Knee Injuries

To fully understand knee injuries we must first look at the anatomy of the knee. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (leg bone), and patella (knee cap). It is all connected to to the fibula, the small bone on the outside part of the leg. All these bones are connected by a serious of ligaments, four altogether, two cruciate and two collateral.

The two collateral ligaments are the medial (MCL), that hold the tibia on the inside area of the knee to the femur, and the lateral (LCL) that holds the fibula to on the outer area of the knee to the femur. The MCL is most often the ligament involved in knee injuries. MCL injuries are almost always caused by a blow to the outside area of the knee that is followed by a sharp pain located with in the knee. Most MCL injuries are easily treated by resting, icing, and bracing the knee, as well as a program for rehabilitation. MCL injuries rarely require any type of surgery. The LCL is not often injured on its own. Most of the time it is injured when another more severe injury occurs that does require surgery.

The ligaments that are in the middle of the knees joint connect the tibia to the femur are the cruciate ligaments. The meaning of cruciate is cross and these two important ligaments cross each other. Their are the ACL (anterior) in the front and the PCL (posterior) in the back. The knee injury that requires surgery most often is the ACL. This ligament is most often injured when there is a sudden directional change when someone is running, called cutting. Also ACL injuries can occur when a person os running and suddenly slows down as well as if the knee is hyperextended or receive a direct hit. There are many cases where just a minor injury can cause a tear of the ACL that requires surgery.

The pain associated with an ACL tear may be delayed. Although a pop may be heard and the knee will give out. The pain will usually occur two to twelve hours later, when the person attempts to put weight on the leg to stand. Ice should be used immediately to control swelling and the knee should be elevated until an orthopedic surgeon can be consulted. Orthopedic surgeon specialize in knee injuries involving ligaments. When an ACL injury is walked or ran on, the cartilage inside that is used to give cushioning can become damaged.

ACL injuries are diagnosed only after a complete physical examine of the knee is completed. The exam will involve many test that will determine if the knee is able to stay in its correct position when it has pressure applied to it from several directions. Most orthopedist also perform an x-ray along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While most trained professionals can diagnose an ACL injury just on examinations, the MRI will give them a better idea of the knee's structure inside. When an ACL is torn, it simply is not able to heal on its own properly. When trying to decided what the best treatment option is going to be there are several factors to consider.

Patients activity level plays an important role. Patients who are very active or do manual labor for a living are going to have better outcomes from surgery to reconstruct their ACL. Those who also injure another major ligament along with the ACL or have cartilage damage will need surgery most of the time. If a person lead a sedentary or inactive life style they may have treatment options that do not involve surgery. However, if they have periods of instability where their knee gives out, surgery may be needed to stop the chance for further knee damage.

Knee Articles
Response to Editor ?Continuous adductor canal blockade facil
We thank you for your interest in our work. The reader raises three questions regarding our recent article [1] and we appreciate the opportunity to respond. The first question was asking if all patien...

The effect of a longitudinal tear of the medial meniscus on
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a longitudinal tear of the medial meniscus (MM) and its meniscal repair on MM extrusion in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured patients....

A novel patient-specific instrument design can deliver robot
A previous randomised controlled trial (RCT) by our group found that robotic assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) surgery was significantly more accurate than conventional instrumentation...

Dual-pivot bearings improve ambulation and promote increased
Modern understanding of native knee kinematics reveals more complex pattern of lateral-pivot in early flexion activities, and medial-pivot in deeper flexion (i.e. dual-pivot). The purpose of this stud...

Different targets of mechanical alignment do not improve kne
Accurate alignment is a basic principle of TKA surgery, but achieving alignment within this target may not translate into superior outcomes after surgery. ...

Fulfilment of preoperative expectations and postoperative pa
In total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the association between preoperative patient expectations, their postoperative fulfilment, and satisfaction is not well understood. The aim of this study was to quant...

Factors affecting stability after medial opening wedge high
To investigate the effect of screw length, lateral hinge fracture, and gap filling on stability after medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOW HTO) using a locking plate. ...

Return to sport following isolated opening wedge high tibial
The purposes of the study are as follows: (1) examine the timeline of return to sport (RTS) following isolated high tibial osteotomy (HTO), (2) evaluate the degree of participation and function upon R...