Knee News
Bears receiver Allen Robinson, now at ?100 percent,? is ready to trust his knee
As his teammates moved their belongings into their accommodations at Olivet Nazarene University for training camp Thursd...

Brock Holt injury update: Boston Red Sox 2B has bruised knee, did not undergo an
DETROIT-- Brock Holt left the Boston Red Sox's game against the Detroit Tigers during the fourth inning Friday after get...

Reds' Alex Blandino: Injures knee late in Friday's loss
Blandino suffered what appeared to be a significant knee injury late in Friday's loss to the Pirates, the Cincinnati Enq...

Elliott Whitehouse: Grimsby Town midfielder suffers 'serious' knee injury
Grimsby Town midfielder Elliott Whitehouse is to have surgery on a "serious" knee injury. The 24-year-old has ruptured h...

Yankees' CC Sabathia Wants to Pitch in 2019 If His Knee Holds Up
Yankees starting pitcher CC Sabathia intends to pitch one more season in 2019 as long as his knee holds up, MLB. com rep...

NFL anthem policy discussions will be taking a knee for now
From the fertile minds who brought you the tuck rule, head bob, deflategate, in-the-grasp and the 15-volume set describi...

Knee Injuries

To fully understand knee injuries we must first look at the anatomy of the knee. The knee is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (leg bone), and patella (knee cap). It is all connected to to the fibula, the small bone on the outside part of the leg. All these bones are connected by a serious of ligaments, four altogether, two cruciate and two collateral.

The two collateral ligaments are the medial (MCL), that hold the tibia on the inside area of the knee to the femur, and the lateral (LCL) that holds the fibula to on the outer area of the knee to the femur. The MCL is most often the ligament involved in knee injuries. MCL injuries are almost always caused by a blow to the outside area of the knee that is followed by a sharp pain located with in the knee. Most MCL injuries are easily treated by resting, icing, and bracing the knee, as well as a program for rehabilitation. MCL injuries rarely require any type of surgery. The LCL is not often injured on its own. Most of the time it is injured when another more severe injury occurs that does require surgery.

The ligaments that are in the middle of the knees joint connect the tibia to the femur are the cruciate ligaments. The meaning of cruciate is cross and these two important ligaments cross each other. Their are the ACL (anterior) in the front and the PCL (posterior) in the back. The knee injury that requires surgery most often is the ACL. This ligament is most often injured when there is a sudden directional change when someone is running, called cutting. Also ACL injuries can occur when a person os running and suddenly slows down as well as if the knee is hyperextended or receive a direct hit. There are many cases where just a minor injury can cause a tear of the ACL that requires surgery.

The pain associated with an ACL tear may be delayed. Although a pop may be heard and the knee will give out. The pain will usually occur two to twelve hours later, when the person attempts to put weight on the leg to stand. Ice should be used immediately to control swelling and the knee should be elevated until an orthopedic surgeon can be consulted. Orthopedic surgeon specialize in knee injuries involving ligaments. When an ACL injury is walked or ran on, the cartilage inside that is used to give cushioning can become damaged.

ACL injuries are diagnosed only after a complete physical examine of the knee is completed. The exam will involve many test that will determine if the knee is able to stay in its correct position when it has pressure applied to it from several directions. Most orthopedist also perform an x-ray along with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). While most trained professionals can diagnose an ACL injury just on examinations, the MRI will give them a better idea of the knee's structure inside. When an ACL is torn, it simply is not able to heal on its own properly. When trying to decided what the best treatment option is going to be there are several factors to consider.

Patients activity level plays an important role. Patients who are very active or do manual labor for a living are going to have better outcomes from surgery to reconstruct their ACL. Those who also injure another major ligament along with the ACL or have cartilage damage will need surgery most of the time. If a person lead a sedentary or inactive life style they may have treatment options that do not involve surgery. However, if they have periods of instability where their knee gives out, surgery may be needed to stop the chance for further knee damage.

Knee Articles
Severe and morbid obesity and transfusional risk in total kn
Severe and morbid obesity (Class II -III) represents a challenge for successful knee surgery. There isn't consensus on what influence body mass index has on blood loss and on red blood cell (RBC) tran...

Acute effects of different orthotic interventions on knee lo
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the most common form of arthritis with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 45%. The use of orthotic devices is a generally accepted conservative therapy in KOA. A new cons...

Predicting patient reported outcome in total knee arthroplas
Body mass index (BMI) has not been shown to correlate with Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We investigated the relationship between weight, BMI, limb...

Participants at three months post-operative anterior cruciat
The purpose of this study was to compare hip and knee energy absorption contribution (EAC) during a double limb squat (DLS) and quadriceps strength in patients three months post-operative ACL-R versus...

Corrigendum to ?The influence of polyethylene bearing thickn
The authors regret the potential breach of copyright publishing this paper. ...

National consensus on the definition, investigation, and cla
The aim of this study was to deliver standardised terminology for the identification and stratification of patients with meniscal lesions of the knee. ...

Effects of posterior condylar offset and posterior tibial sl
Postoperative changes of the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and posterior tibial slope (PTS) affect the biomechanics of the knee joint after fixed-bearing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Howev...

Meniscal sizing before allograft: Comparison of three imagin
Accuracy of meniscal sizing is an important issue before allograft transplantation. To date, there is no consensus on the best imaging method. The purpose of this study was to compare plain radiograph...